Pearl of Wisdom

'The lawful is evidently clear, and the unlawful is evidently clear, and obscurities fall between these two. He who abandons these obscurities is saved from the prohibited things, whereas one who delves into obscurities also ends up committing prohibited acts and falls into disaster whence he knows not.'

Prophet Muhammad al-Mustafa [sawa]
al-Kafi, v. 1, p. 68, no. 10

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Library » Nahj ul Balagha » Sermons
Nahj ul Balagha - Sermons
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1 Creation of Earth and Sky and the birth of Adam.
2 Delivered on return from Siffin - Arabia before proclamation of Prophethood
3 Known as the Sermon of ash-Shiqshiqiyyah(1)
4 Amir al-mu'minin's far-sightedness and his staunch conviction in Belief
5 Delivered when the Holy Prophet died
6 Delivered on being advised not to chase Talhah ibn `Ubaydillah and az-Zubayr ibn al-`Awwam for fighting. (1)
7 About the hypocrites
8 Said about az-Zubayr at a time for which it was appropriate
9 Cowardice of the people of Jamal
10 About Talhah and az-Zubayr
11 Delivered in the Battle of Jamal
12 When (1) Allah gave him (Amir al-mu'minin) victory over the enemy at the Battle of Jamal
13 Condemning the people of Basrah(1)
14 This also is in condemnation of the people of Basrah
15 After resuming the land grants made by `Uthman ibn `Affan, he said:
16 Delivered when allegiance was sworn to him at Medina
17 About those who sit for dispensation of justice among people but are not fit for it.
18 Amir al-mu'minin said in disparagement of the differences of view among the theologians.
19 Amir al-mu'minin was delivering a lecture from the pulpit
20 Death and taking lessons from it
21 Advice to keep light in this world
22 About those who accused him of `Uthman's killing
23 About keeping aloof from envy, and good behaviour towards kith and kin
24 Exhorting people for jihad
25 When Amir al-mu'minin received successive news that Mu`awiyah's men were occupying cities(
26 Arabia before proclamation of Prophethood
27 Exhorting people for jihad
28 About the transient nature of this world and importance of the next world
29 About those who found pretexts at the time of jihad
30 Disclosing real facts about assassination of `Uthman Ibn `Affan(1) Amir al-mu'minin said:
31 When before the commencement of the Battle of Jamal
32 About the disparagement of the world and categories of its people
33 `Abdullah ibn `Abbas says that when Amir al-mu'minin set out for war
34 To prepare the people for fighting with the people of Syria (ash-Sham)(1) Amir al-mu'minin said:
35 Amir al-mu'minin said after Arbitration. (1)
36 Warning the people of Nahrawan (1) of their fate
37 Amir al-mu'minin's utterance which runs like a Sermon, About his own steadfastness in religion and precedence in (acceptance of) belief.
38 About naming of doubt as such and disparagement of those in doubt
39 In disparagement of those who shrink from fighting
40 When Amir al-mu'minin heard the cry of Kharijites that "Verdict is only that of Allah" he said:
41 In condemnation of treason
42 About heart's desires and extended hopes
43 After Amir al-mu'minin had sent Jarir ibn `Abdillah al-Bajali to Mu`awiyah
44 When Masqalah(1) ibn Hubayrah ash-Shaybani fled to Mu`awiyah
45 About Allah's greatness and lowliness of this world
46 When Amir al-mu'minin decided to march towards Syria (ash-Sham) he spoke these words:
47 About calamities befalling Kufah
48 Delivered at the time of marching towards Syria.
49 About Allah's greatness and sublimity
50 Admixture of right and wrong
51 When in Siffin the men of Mu`awiyah overpowered the men of Amir al-mu'minin
52 Its subject is the downfall of the world and reward and punishment in the next world
53 On the swearing of allegiance
54 When Amir al-mu'minin's men showed impatience on his delay in giving them permission to fight in Siffin
55 About steadiness in the battlefield
56 Amir al-mu'minin said to his companions about Mu`awiyah
57 Addressing the Kharijites, Amir al-mu'minin said:
58 When Amir al-mu'minin showed his intention to fight the Kharijites
59 When Amir al-mu'minin was told that the Kharijites had been totally killed, he said:
60 Amir al-mu'minin also said:
61 When Amir al-mu'minin was warned of being killed by deceit, he said:
62 About the transience of the world
63 About decline and destruction of the world
64 About Allah's attributes
65 In some of the days of Siffin Amir al-mu'minin said to his followers about ways of fighting
66 When after the death of the Prophet news reached Amir al-mu'minin about the happening in Saqifah of Bani Sa`idah
67 When Amir al-mu'minin appointed Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr
68 Admonishing his companions about careless behaviour Amir al-mu'minin said:
69 Spoken on the morning of the day when Amir al-mu'minin was fatally struck with sword.
70 In condemnation of the people of Iraq
71 Herein Amir al-mu'minin tells people how to pronounce "as-salat" (to invoke Divine blessing) on the Prophet.
72 Amir al-mu'minin said about Marwan ibn al-Hakam at Basrah.
73 When the Consultative Committee (or Shura) decided to swear allegiance to `Uthman, Amir al-mu'minin said:
74 When Amir al-mu'minin learnt that the Umayyads blamed him for killing `Uthman, he said:
75 About preaching and counselling
76 About Umayyads
77 Supplications of Amir al-mu'minin.
78 When(1) Amir al-mu'minin decided to set out for the battle with the Kharijites
79 After the Battle of Jamal,(1) Concerning Women and Their Short comings.
80 About the way of preaching and counselling
81 About the world and its people
82 This sermon is called the al-Gharra' and it is one of the most wonderful sermons of Amir al-mu'minin.
83 About `Amr ibn al-`As
84 About the perfection of Allah and counselling
85 About getting ready for the next world and following Allah's commandments
86 The Qualities of a faithful believer
87 About the division of the community into factions
88 About the Holy Prophet
89 Allah's attributes and some advice
90 This sermon is known as the Sermon of Skeletons
91 When people decided to Swear allegiance(1) at Amir al-mu'minin's hand after the murder of `Uthman, he said:
92 About the annihilation of the Kharijites, the mischief mongering of Umayyads and the vastness of his own knowledge
93 Allah's praise and eulogy of the prophets
94 About the condition of the people at the time of the Prophet's proclamation and his actions to do with the dissemination of his message
95 In eulogy of the Holy Prophet
96 Admonishing his own companions (1)
97 Oppression of the Umayyads
98 About abstinence of the world and vicissitudes of time
99 About the Holy Prophet and his Descendants
100 About the vicissitudes of time
101 Day of Judgement
102 About abstemiousness and fear of Allah
103 About the condition of the people before the proclamation of prophethood
104 In eulogy of the Holy Prophet
105 About Islam
106 Delivered during one of the days of Siffin
107 It is one of the sermons about the vicissitudes of time
108 About the Might of Allah
109 About Islam, the Holy Qur'an and Sunnah
110 Caution about this world
111 About the Angel of Death and depart of spirit
112 About this world and its people
113 About abstemiousness, fear of Allah and importance of providing for the next life
114 Seeking rain
115 About troubles which would arise and the Day of Judgement
116 Rebuking Misers
117 In praise of his faithful companions
118 Amir al-mu'minin collected the people and exhorted them(1) to jihad but they observed long silence
119 About the greatness of Ahlu'l-bayt and the importance of the laws of Islam
120 A man from among the companions of Amir al-mu'minin stood up and said,
121 When the Kharijites persisted in their rejecting the Arbitration, Amir al-mu'minin went to their camp and addressed them thus:
122 Amir al-mu'minin's address to his followers on the battlefield of Siffin
123 To exhort his followers to fight (1)
124 About the Kharijites and their opinion on Arbitration
125 When Amir al-mu'minin was spoken ill of for showing equality in the distribution
126 About the Kharijites
127 About Important happenings in Basrah
128 About measures and weights, the transience of this world and the condition of its people
129 Delivered when Abu Dharr (1) was exiled towards ar-Rabadhah
130 Grounds for accepting the Caliphate and the qualities of a ruler and governor
131 Warning about death and counselling
132 On the Glory of Allah, the Holy Qur'an, the Holy Prophet, this world, A caution
133 Delivered when Caliph `Umar ibn al-Khattab consulted (1) Amir al-mu'minin about himself, taking part in the march towards Rome ( Byzantine Empire ).
134 There was some exchange of words between `Uthman ibn `Affan and Amir al-mu'minin
135 About the sincerity of his own intention and support of the oppressed
136 About Talhah and az-Zubayr
137 Referring to events in the future
138 On the occasion of the Consultative Committee (after the death of `Umar ibn al-Khattab)
139 About backbiting and speaking ill of others (1)
140 Against reliance on heresy
141 Against misplaced generosity
142 Praying for rain
143 Deputation of Prophets , The position of Ahlu'l-bayt , about those who are against the Ahlu'l-bayt
144 About this world and on innovation (bid`ah)
145 Spoken when `Umar ibn al-Khattab consulted Amir al-mu'minin about taking part in the battle of Persia. (1)
146 The purpose of the deputation of the Holy Prophet and the condition of the time when people would go against the Qur'an
147 About Talhah and az-Zubayr and the people of Basrah
148 Before his passing away (last will)
149 About future events and some activities of the hypocrites
150 The condition of the people during disorder, and advice against oppression and unlawful earning
151 About the greatness and the attributes of Allah (1)
152 About negligent persons and the characteristics of beasts, carnivores and women
153 About the Ahlu'l-bayt (of the Holy Prophet) and their opposers
154 About the wonderful creation of the bat
155 About the malice borne by `A'ishah; and warning the people of Basrah about what was to occur
156 Urging people towards Piety (taqwa)
157 About the Holy Prophet and the Holy Qur'an
158 Good behaviour with people and ignoring their faults
159 Praise of Allah, Greatness of Allah, hope and fear in Allah, The example of the Holy Prophet
160 Deputation of the Holy Prophet and Drawing lessons from this world
161 One of Amir al-mu'minin's companions (from Banu Asad) asked him
162 Praise be to Allah, Creator of people; He has spread the earth
163 When people went to Amir al-mu'minin in a deputation and complained to him through what they had to say against `Uthman
164 Describing the wonderful creation of the peacock
165 Advice for observing courtesy and kindness and keeping in and out of the same
166 At the beginning of his Caliphate. Fulfilment of rights and obligations, and advice to fear Allah in all matters.
167 After swearing of allegiance to Amir al-mu'minin, some people from among the companions of the Prophet said to him
168 When the people of Jamal set off for Basrah Amir al-mu'minin said:
169 When Amir al-mu'minin approached Basrah an Arab met him and spoke to him
170 When Amir al-mu'minin decided to fight the enemy face to face at Siffin he said:
171 About the Consultative Committee and the Battle of Jamal
172 On eligibility for the Caliphate and the need for sagacity in fighting against Muslims
173 About Talhah ibn `Ubaydillah
174 Warning to neglectful people, and about the vastness of his own knowledge
175 Preaching, The greatness of the Holy Qur'an, About the believers and their good deeds;
176 About the two arbiters (after the battle of Siffin)
177 Praise of Allah, transience of this world, and causes of the decline of Allah's blessings. (Delivered at the beginning of his caliphate after the killing of `Uthman)
178 Dhi`lib al-Yamani asked Amir al-mu'minin whether he had seen Allah, when he replied, "Do I worship one whom I have not seen?" Then he enquired, "How have you seen Him?" Then Amir al-mu'minin replied:
179 Condemning his disobedient men
180 Amir al-mu'minin sent one of his men to bring him news about a group of the army of Kufah who had decided to join the Kharijites
181 It has been related by Nawf al-Bikali that Amir al-mu'minin `Ali (p.b.u.h.) delivered this sermon at Kufah standing on a stone
182 Praise of Allah for His bounties, the greatness and importance of the Holy Qur'an, Warning against punishment on the Day of Judgement
183 One of the Kharijites al-Burj ibn Mus'hir at-Ta'i raised the slogan, "Command behoves only Allah" in such a way that Amir al-mu'minin heard it. On hearing it he said:
184 Praise of Allah and His wonderful creatures, Holy Prophet, About the creation of animal species, Creation of the Universe, wonderful creation of the locust ,
185 About the Oneness of Allah. This sermon contains principles of knowledge which no other sermon contains
186 Regarding the vicissitudes of time
187 Allah's favours, Condition of persons facing death, Transience of this world
188 Steadfast and transient belief, The challenge "Ask me before you miss me" and prophecy about the Umayyads
189 Importance of fear of Allah, desolateless of the grave, and about the death of the lover of Ahlu'l-bayt being like that of a martyr
190 Praise of Allah, Advice about fear of Allah and an account of this world and its people,
191 Sermon of Disparagement
192 It is related that a companion of Amir al-mu'minin called Hammam(1) who was a man devoted to worship said to him,
193 In description of hypocrites
194 Allah's praise, advice about fear of Allah and details about the Day of Judgement
195 The condition of the world at the time of the proclamation of prophethood, the transience of this world and the state of its inhabitants.
196 Amir al-mu'minin's attachment to the Holy Prophet. The performance of his funeral rites.
197 Allah's attribute of Omniscience, Advantages of fear of Allah , About Islam
198 Containing advice given by Amir al-mu'minin to his companions
199 Treason and treachery of Mu`awiyah and the fate of those guilty of treason
200 One should not be afraid of the scarcity of those who tread on the right path
201 What Amir al-mu'minin said on the occasion of the burial of Sayyidatu'n-nisa' (Supreme lady) Fatimah (p.b.u.h.) while addressing the Holy Prophet at his grave.
202 Transience of this world, and importance of collecting provisions for the next life.
203 What Amir al-mu'minin said generally to his companions warning them about the dangers of the Day of Judgement.
204 After swearing allegiance to Amir al-mu'minin, Talhah and az-Zubayr complained to him that he had not consulted them or sought their assistance in the affairs (of state).
205 During the battle of Siffin Amir al-mu'minin heard some of his men abusing the Syrians, then he said:
206 In the battle of Siffin Amir al-mu'minin saw Imam al-Hasan proceeding rapidly to fight, then he said:
207 When Amir al-mu'minin's companions expressed displeasure about his attitude concerning Arbitration, (1) he said:
208 Amir al-mu'minin went to enquire about the health of his companion al-`Ala' ibn Ziyad al-Harithi and when he noticed the vastness of his house he said:
209 Someone (1) asked Amir al-mu'minin about concocted traditions and contradictory sayings of the Prophet current among the people, whereupon he said:
210 The greatness of Allah and the creation of the Universe
211 About those who give up supporting right
212 The Sublimity of Allah and a eulogy of the Prophet
213 The Prophet's nobility of descent
214 A prayer which Amir al-mu'minin often recited
215 Mutual rights of the ruler and the ruled
216 About the excesses of the Quraysh
217 When Amir al-mu'minin passed by the corpses of Talhah ibn `Ubaydullah and `Abd ar-Rahman ibn `Attab ibn Asid who were both killed in the battle of Jamal, he said:
218 Qualities of the God-fearing and the pious
219 Amir al-mu'minin recited the verse "Engage (your) vying in exuberance, until ye come to the graves." (1) (Qur'an, 102:1-2)
220 Delivered after reciting the verse: . . .Qur'an, 24:36-37)
221 Amir al-mu'minin recited the verse: O' thou man! what hath beguild thee from thy Lord, the Most Gracious One. (Qur'an, 82:6)
222 About keeping aloof from oppression and misappropriation. `Aqil's condition of poverty and destitution
223 Supplication
224 Transience of the world and the helplessness of those in graves
225 Supplication
226 About a companion who passed away from this world before the occurrence of troubles.
227 About allegiance to Amir al-mu'minin for the Caliphate.
228 Advice about fear of Allah, and an account of those who remain apprehensive of death and adopt abstemiousness
229 Amir al-mu'minin delivered this sermon at Dhiqar on his way to Basrah, and the historian al-Waqidi has mentioned it (in Kitab al-Jamal).
230 `Abdullah ibn Zama`ah who was one of the followers of Amir al-mu'minin came to him during his Caliphate to ask for some money when Amir al-mu'minin said:
231 On Ja`dah ibn Hubayrah al-Makhzumi's (1) inability to deliver a sermon. About speaking the truth
232 Causes for difference in the features and traits of people
233 Spoken when Amir al-mu'minin was busy in the funeral ablution (ghusl) of the Holy Prophet and shrouding him
234 In (1) this sermon Amir al-mu'minin has related his own condition after the Prophet's immigration till his meeting with him.
235 About collecting provision for the next world while in this world and performing good acts before death
236 About the two arbitrators (Abu Musa al-Ash`ari and `Amr ibn al-`As) and disparagement of the people of Syria (ash-Sham).
237 Amir al-mu'minin describes herein the members of the Prophet's family
238 When `Uthman ibn `Affan was surrounded
239 Exhorting his men to jihad and asking them to refrain from seeking ease
 
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