Pearl of Wisdom
when he was asked about giving the male the share of two females, said, 'The reason why women are given half of what men are given from the inheritance is because when a woman marries she receives [the mahr dowry] and the man gives. Therefore it [i.e. the inheritance] is a greater amount for men. Another reason for giving the male the share of two females is because the female is under the responsibility of the male when she is in need, and he has to support her and provide for her expenses. The female does not have to support the male, nor is it taken from her expenses when he is in need. So because of this , Allah Almighty has saved this for the man, and this is according to Allah's verse: Men are the managers of women, because of the advantage Allah has granted some of them over others, and by virtue of their spending out of their wealth.'
Imam Ali ibn Musa al-Ridha [as]
Uyun Akhbar al-Rida (AS), v. 2, p. 98, no. 1
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