Pearl of Wisdom
was asked about the penance for backbiting, to which he replied, 'You must seek Allah's forgiveness on behalf of the one you have talked about every time you remember him.?
Prophet Muhammad al-Mustafa [sawa]
al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 357, no. 4
We acknowledge that 'Know Your Islam' by 'Yousuf N. Lalljee' for providing the original file. The novels references is
Yousuf N.Lalljee (2006). Know Your Islam. Ansariyan Publications. Qum
The files you find here are NOT IN the Public domain, and the copy rights of the files still remain with the above author
Tayammum refers to the dry ablution in Islam using sand or dust, which may be performed in place of wudu or ghusl, only if no clean water is readily available.
Tayammum becomes necessary in place of wudhu or ghusl when one of the following circumstances prevails:
1. Not enough water is available for Wudhu or Ghusl.
2. Obtaining water for Wudhu will endanger your life or property or you are unable to procure water by any means.
3. Using the available water will leave insufficient water for drinking and pose a risk of dying of thirst or illness, or difficulty for yourself or your dependents.
4. Washing your face and hands with water will endanger your health.
5. Water is available but you do not have permission to use it.
6. There is a risk that performing Wudhu or Ghusl will cause the time of the entire or a part of the prayer to end.
7. If the body or clothing is ritually impure (najis) and the person possesses only as much water so that if he was to perform Wudhu or Ghusl, no more water would be available for making his body or clothing pure for prayer.