Pearl of Wisdom
'When Allah created the intellect he said to it, 'Come forward' so it came forward, then commanded it, 'Go back' and it went back. Then He said to it, 'By my Honour and Exaltedness, I have not created anything better than you. It is you that I command, and you that I prohibit from things, and you that I punish and you that I reward.'
Imam Muhammad ibn Ali al-Baqir [as]
al-Kafi, v. 1, p. 26, no. 26
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"... and trust in Allah; surely He is the Hearing, the Knowing" (Qur’an, 8:61).
"Al-`Aleem" is derived from `ilm, knowledge, which results from comprehending the truth about something and from the sure conviction which agrees with reality.
"Al-`Aleem," when applied to the Almighty, is the One who is most knowing; surely His knowledge encompasses everything in existence even before anything begins to exist.
Nothing at all can escape His knowledge. He is the One whose knowledge is inclusive, be it apparent or hidden, minute or magnanimous. He knows its beginning and its end, what is above or underneath it, and what results there from. Al-`Aleem is also the One Who knows what has happened and what will.
The knowledge of the unknown is with Him, and so is the knowledge of the Hour; He knows what the wombs bear, when the rain falls, what every soul earns, what evil intentions one harbors, what worldly desires he/she conceals, when and where anyone will die.
Al-`Aleem is the One Who knows the details of all things, the particulars of things, what one's conscience and soul hide. Nothing at all, not even the weight of an atom in the earth or in the heavens, can ever escape His knowledge. From the word `ilm have many other words been derived.
Al-`lim is one. It occurs in Surat al-Ma'ida in this verse: "... surely you are the great One who knows the unseen" (Quran, 5:109).
Another is al-A`lam which occurs in Surat al-Ana`m: "Allah best knows where He places His message" (Quran, 6:124).
Al- `Aleem is a superlative of al-`alim.
The Holy Quran contains the following verses which demonstrate the various meanings and types of knowledge:
He knows that there is weakness in you. (8:66) He knows that there will be sick ones among you. (73:20) and surely we know that your breast straitens at what they say. (15:97) Allah knows what every female bears. (13:8)
"Al-`Aleem," one of the ninety-nine Attributes of Allah, occurs in many Quranic verses such as:
That is the ordinance of the Mighty, the Knowing. (36:38) the revelation of the Book is from Allah, the Mighty, the Knowing. (40:2) ... surely He knows what is in the breasts. (11:5)... We have no knowledge except what you have taught us; surely you are the Knowing, the Wise. (2:32) And the sun runs [its course] to a term appointed for it; that is the ordinance of the Mighty, the Knowing. (36:38)
This word is coined as a superlative derived from a verb meaning: "to know or to be familiar with." The Messenger of Allah is quoted saying that one who supplicates in the morning by thrice repeating, "In the Name of Allah with Whose Name nothing at all, be it in the earth or in the heavens, can ever harm, and He is the Hearing, the Knowing," will not be afflicted by any sudden calamity till evening time, and if he says so in the evening, he will not be afflicted by any sudden calamity till daybreak.
He who recites this name’ his heart will become luminous, revealing divine light (Nur).