Pearl of Wisdom
A person whose [foul] tongue people dread is in the Fire [i.e. his place is the Fire].'
Imam Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sadiq [as]
al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 327, no. 3
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"Say: Our Lord will gather us together and will in the end decide the matter between us (and you) in truth and justice, and He is the One to decide, the One Who knows everything" (Qur'an, 34:26).
In Arabic, fataha, the verb, means "opened," and muftah means key, whereas fath means victory or conquest.
Fath also means flowing water, a creek, or a river.
It also means: to arbitrate between two opponents.
"Istiftah" means: seeking help or achieving victory. Both al-Fatih and al-Fattah are among the Attributes of Allah. They exist within the text of the Holy Qur'an. "Al-Fattah" is a superlative of al-fath. To say that Allah is al-Fattah is to say that He is the One Who judges between those whom He creates, His servants, the obedient ones and the rebellious. It is derived from fath which means, in such usage, arbitration or decision-making. It exists in this meaning in the verse saying, "Lord! Decide between us and our people with truth, and You are the best of those who decide" (Qur'an, 7:89).
It also means: the One Who grants victory as in this verse of Surat al-Anfal: "If you pray for victory, then indeed victory has come to you" (Qur'an, 8:19).
Al-Fattah is the One Who opens deadlocked matters and issues, Who reveals the truth, Who simplifies whatever seems to be complicated, Who controls the affairs of the heavens and the earth: "And with Him are the keys of the unseen treasures: none knows them but He, and He knows what is in the land and in the sea" (Qur'an, 6:59).
So He is the One Who opens what is closed and Who has the keys to everything, Who widely opens the gates of sustenance and brings down rain whereby He brings life back to dead lands, Who grants victory and support for His prophets whom He sends to various lands so that the light of the truth may shine therein, and so that He may purge their souls from evil intentions. He opens the closed hearts and fills them with His light, so they become tranquil, and they enjoy the feeling of success.
The Attribute "al-Fattah" inspires good manners which ought to be followed by anyone who correctly grasps the meanings it implies, who deeply contemplates upon it, who sincerely desires to be blessed by it. Among such manners is that one should maintain an attitude of beautiful anticipation of the Grace of Allah, continuously expecting to receive His favours, always looking forward to earning His blessings. He abandons haste, feels satisfied with his lot and with whatever his Lord has decreed for him. "Contentment is a treasure that never depletes," says an Arabic axiom. How true!
He who repeats this Name, Allah will enlighten his mind and he will be given victory.