Pearl of Wisdom

'A rich man, clad in a clean robe, once came to the Prophet (SAWA) and sat near the Prophet (SAWA). Then a poor man clad in dirty clothes came and sat next to the rich man, at which the rich man grabbed his clothes from under his thighs. So the Prophet (SAWA) asked him, 'Do you fear that some of his poverty will rub off onto you?!' so he replied, 'No.' Then he asked, 'Then perhaps you fear that some of your riches will fall upon him?!' to which he replied, 'No.' So he asked, 'Then do you fear that he will make your clothes dirty?!' to which he again replied no. So the Prophet (SAWA) asked him, 'Then what made you do what you just did?' to which he replied [remorsefully], ?O Prophet of Allah, verily I have an associate [i.e. Satan] who embellishes every ugly act to me, and who makes every good act appear ugly to me. Indeed I will give him [the poor man] half my wealth!' So the Prophet (SAWA) asked the poor man, 'Do you accept it?' and he replied, 'No', so the rich man exclaimed, 'But why not?!' so he replied, 'I fear that the same thing that has affected him will affect me!'

Imam Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sadiq [as]
al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 262, no. 11

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The Holy Qur'an » Asma ul Husna » Al Mu'akhkhir
Al Mu'akhkhir E-mail

"Man shall on that Day be informed of what he had sent forth before and of what he had put off" (Qur’an, 75:13).

Al-Mu'akhkhir causes the polytheists to lag behind while raising the ranks of the believers. He delays the disobedient ones and grants His guidance to those who obey Him. He postpones the penalty of the oppressor because He is Compassionate and Merciful.

Whenever your heart is exposed to a glimpse of the light of His Attribute "al-Mu'akhkhir," you will be managing your affairs very well, postponing what the Legislator has decided must be postponed, and looking down at what the Wise Lord has Himself looked down upon. In Surat Ibrahim (Abraham), we read the following verse: "And do not think that Allah is heedless of what the unjust ones do; He only grants them a respite till a Day on which the eyes shall be fixedly staring (being horrified)" (Qur’an, 14:42).

He has forewarned people regarding the Day when His chastisement will approach them, so those who have wronged their own souls will plead to thus: "Lord! Grant us a respite till a near term so that we may answer Your call and follow the messengers" (Qur’an, 14:44) but they will be told: "Did you not swear before now that there would be no passing away for you?!" (Qur’an, 14:44).

The Messenger of Allah used to supplicate by saying, "Lord! I plead to You to forgive my sins, my ignorance, my extravagance, and to grant me that which You know to be better for me. Lord! I plead to You to forgive my (unintentional) sins, my deliberate sins, my ignorance, when I am serious and when I am not, and I am guilty of all of that. Lord! I plead to You to forgive what I have advanced and what I have postponed, what I have revealed and what I have declared, for You are al-Muqaddim, and You are al-Mu'akhkhir, and surely You can do whatever You please."

Both Attributes "al-Muqaddim" and "al-Mu'akhkhir" are not mentioned in the text of the Holy. The discussion of advancing something and postponing something else has been dealt with in the Holy Qur’an with reference to mankind in verses such as these:

Man shall on that Day be informed of what he sent forth before and what he put off. (75:13) Surely We know those of you who have gone before and We certainly know those who shall come later. (15:24) And We do not delay it except till an appointed term (11:104).

One of the signs of a believer's good conduct with regard to both of these Attributes is that he should take a middle course between fear and excessive hope, and to always be on his alert.
 
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