Pearl of Wisdom
'Better than truthfulness is the one who practices it, and better than good is its doer.'
Imam Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sadiq [as]
Amali al-Tusi, p. 223, no. 385
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"Surely Allah enjoins the doing of justice and of good deeds (to others) and the giving to the kindred, and He forbids indecency, evil, and rebellion; He admonishes you so that you may be mindful" (Quran, 16:90).
`Adl means moderation; al-`adl is above oppressing or being inequitable to anyone in His decrees and actions.
Rather, He grants everyone what is due to him; He puts everything in its right place; nothing ensues from Him except justice. He does whatever He pleases, and His decree regarding His servants is carried out.
In Surat al-Ana`m, the Almighty says, "And the word of your Lord has been accomplished truly and justly; none can change His words, and He is the Hearing, the Knowing" (Quran, 6:115). He enjoins justice and equity and says the following in Surat al-Nisa' (Women): "When you judge between people, you should judge with justice; surely Allah admonishes you with what is excellent; surely Allah is Seeing, Hearing" (Quran, 4:58).
There are many traditions narrated about the Messenger of Allah pointing out to `adl and highlighting the status of those who act upon it. One of them is his saying, "There are seven types of people whom Allah will shade on a Day when there will be no shade except His: a just imam, a young man who grows up adoring Allah, a man whose heart is always attached to mosques, two men who love one another for the sake of Allah: they meet and they part only accordingly, a man sought by a woman of prominence and beauty [for illicit sex] and to whom he says, `I fear Allah,' a man who pays charity and hides his action, so much so that his left hand does not know what his right hand gives away, and a man who mentions the Name of Allah for the sake of remembering Him while his tears overflow."
This tradition is recorded by al-Bukhari and Muslim and is quoted on pp. 164-165, Vol. 3, of Al Targheeb wal tarheeb, and on p. 30 of Qabasat min hadi al nubuwwah.