Pearl of Wisdom
'Supplication is the key to mercy and a lantern in the darkness.'
Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib [as]
Ibid. v. 93, p. 300, no. 37
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"Say: He has the power to send on you a chastisement from above you, or from beneath your feet, or throw you into confusion, (making you) different parties, and making some of you taste the fighting of others. See how We repeat the signs so that they may understand" (Quran, 6:65).
Both al-Qadeer and al-Qadir are among Allah's characteristics. They may be derived from taqdeer, estimation or assessment, or from qudra, might, power, or ability.
Al-Qadeer does whatever He does according to the requirement of wisdom, no more, nor less. Al-Qadeer is not among Allah's ninetynine Attributes although it is repeated more than thirty times throughout the text of the Holy Quran.
The root word of "al-Qadir" is the noun "qudra", might, power, prowess, ability, etc.
Laylat al-Qadr, the Night of Power or of Destiny, is surely the Night of the great honor. In the Holy Quran, we read the following verse in Surat al-Ana`m: "And they do not honor Allah the Great Honor due to Him" (Quran, 6:91), that is, they do not honor Him as He ought to be honored. The word "qadr" means that Allah is capable of doing anything without tackling it or using any means, etc.; therefore, it does not exert or exhaust Him to do whatever He wants.
It means authority and power, that is, the complete dealing with the entire universe, the cosmos, without being opposed by an opponent. Who can oppose Him or escape His grip? His command is that whenever He decrees anything, he says to it: "Be!" and it is. It means the One Who has the complete power, Who is not frustrated by anything at all, He needs no means to do anything. He measures His decree, Who manages the universe with might and wisdom:
"So We proportion it: how well We are at proportioning (things)!" (Quran, 77:23) and also, "Surely We have created everything according to a measure" (Quran, 54:49). The qadar is what Allah, the Most Honored and Glorified, decrees and decides.
A servant of Allah has a measure of power to do a number of things, but it is deficient, for his ability is limited. Allah, on the other hand, makes His servants capable of doing what they do through His might. A servant of Allah has power to do a number of things, but he cannot do everything. He cannot create things out of nothing. Only Allah can.