Pearl of Wisdom
'Boys are bounties and girls are merits, and Allah asks about bounties but rewards for merits.'
Imam Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sadiq [as]
Ibid. v. 6, p. 7, no. 12
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"Allah testifies that there is no god but He, and (so do) the angels and those who have knowledge, maintaining His creation with justice." (3:18)
Meanings of variations of this Attribute's root word is qist, equity or fairness, are as follows: qasata means implemented justice; qasata means became inequitable or unfair; qasit is an unfair or inequitable person, an oppressor; muqsit is one who is fair in his judgment or decision, and qist means share, lot, or portion of something. Qasitoon is plural: they are those who deviate from justice and about whom the Almighty says, "As to the deviators, they are the fuel of hell" (Qur’an, 72:15).
Qist means the implementing of justice by taking what one unlawfully has acquired and giving it back to its lawful owner. Iqsat means that one is given his own lawful share which someone else has unlawfully taken [forcefully or otherwise]; it is also called insaf, carrying out equity. Qasata means someone became inequitable, and aqsata means that he became fair and just.
Al-Muqsit is the Almighty Who is fair and equitable in all His decisions and decrees, Who deals with everyone according to a system. Al-Muqsit comes to the rescue of the oppressed and brings about justice. The perfection in His doing so is the fact that He adds to pleasing the oppressed His own pleasing of the oppressors as well, which is the ultimate end of equity, something which nobody can do other than Allah, Glory to Him, Who has said,"... and if you judge, then judge between them with equity; surely Allah loves those who judge equitably" (Qur’an, 5:42).
According to a Qudsi tradition, while the Prophet was sitting once, he smiled to the extent that his molar teeth showed. One of his companions said to him, "May both my parents be sacrificed for your sake, O Messenger of Allah! What has made you smile like that?!" He answered, "Two men of my nation were brought before the judgment of the Lord of Dignity. One of them said, `Lord! I plead to You to effect justice on my behalf from this man.' Allah, the Honored and the Great, said, `Be fair to your brother and give him what is his.'
The man said, `Lord! None of my good deeds is left to effect it thereby.' The Glorified and the Honored One said to the first man, `What are you going to do to your brother since he has none of his good deeds left with him?' The man answered, `Then, Lord, let him bear some of my own burdens.'" It was then that the eyes of the Messenger of Allah over-flooded with tears.
"That, indeed," he continued, "is a momentous Day when men will need others to bear their own burdens." After a pause, the Messenger of Allah continued to say, "Allah, the Honored and the Glorified One, said to the wronged one, `Raise your eyes and cast a look at the Gardens of Bliss.' The man said, `Lord! I see whole cities made of silver and huge houses of gold bedecked with pearls; for which siddeeq or martyr are they?' The Almighty said, `They are for the one who pays the price.' The man said, `Lord! Who can have their price?' He said, `You can.' `For what, Lord?' he asked the Almighty.
`For forgiving your brother,' the Lord said. The man said, `Lord! I do forgive him.' The Almighty then said, `Take your brother by the hand and lead him the way to Paradise.'" Then the Messenger of Allah said, "Fear Allah; fear Allah, and mend your relations, for Allah will implement justice on the Day of Judgment among the believers."