Pearl of Wisdom

Venerate the scholar for his knowledge and abandon argumentation with him. Depreciate the ignorant man for his ignorance but do not drive him away. Rather draw him near and teach him.' Shahid al-Awwal (may Allah sanctify his soul) wrote in his al-Qg,wa'id, 'The veneration of a believer is allowed according to what is current amongst the norms of the time, even though the practice has not been handed down from our forefathers but because of the general laws indicating to it. Allah, most High, says, That, and whoever venerates the sacraments of Allah indeed that arises from the godwariness in the hearts , and He, most High, says, That, and whoever venerates the sacraments of Allah, that is better for him with his Lord. , and The Prophet (SAWA) said, 'Do not display hatred towards each other, nor be jealous of each other, nor oppose each other, nor break off relations with each other, but rather be brothers as servants of Allah.' Based on this , standing and veneration through curtsying and the like is allowed, and may even be obligatory if abandonment of it will lead to mutual hatred and breaking of relations or to the insult of a believer. It is authenticated that the Prophet (SAWA) stood up for Fatima (AS) and for Ja'far [may Allah be pleased with him) when he arrived from Abyssinia, and he said to the Ansar, 'Stand up for your leader.' It has been reported that he (SAWA) stood up for 'Ikrima b. Abi Jahl when he arrived from Yemen, gladdened by his arrival.'

Imam Musa ibn Jafar al-Kadhim [as]
Bihar al-Anwar, v. 75, p. 461, no. 14

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Library » Nahj ul Balagha » Sermons » Amir al-mu'minin said about Marwan ibn al-Hakam at Basrah.
Amir al-mu'minin said about Marwan ibn al-Hakam at Basrah. E-mail
Sermon 72 Amir al-mu'minin said about Marwan ibn al-Hakam at Basrah. When Marwan was taken on the day of Jamal, he asked Hasan and Husayn (p.b.u.t.) to intercede on his behalf before Amir al-mu'minin. So they spoke to Amir al-mu'minin about him and he released him. Then they said, "O' Amir al-mu'minin he desires to swear you allegiance" Whereupon Amir al-mu'minin said:

Did he not swear me allegiance after the killing of `Uthman? Now I do not need his allegiance, because his is the hand of a Jew. If he swears me allegiance with his hand he would violate it after a short while. Well, he is to get power for so long as a dog licks his nose. He is the father of four rams (who will also rule). The people will face days through him and his sons.(1)


(1). Marwan ibn al-Hakam was the nephew (brother's son) and son-in-law of `Uthman. Due to thin body and tall stature he was known with the nickname "Khayt Batil" (the thread of wrong). When `Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan killed `Amr ibn Sa`id al-Ashdaq, his brother Yahya ibn Sa`id said:

 

    O' sons of Khayt Batil (the thread of the wrong) you have played deceit on `Amr and people like you build their houses (of authority) on deceit and treachery.

Although his father al-Hakam ibn Abi al-`As had accepted Islam at the time of the fall of Mecca but his behaviour and activities were very painful to the Prophet. Consequently, the Prophet cursed him and his descendants and said, "Woe will befall my people from the progeny of this man." At last in view of his increasing intrigues the Prophet externed him from Medina towards the valley of Wajj (in Ta'if) and Marwan also went with him. Prophet did not thereafter allow them entry in Medina all his life. Abu Bakr and `Umar did likewise, but `Uthman sent for both of them during his reign, and raised Marwan to such height as though the reins of caliphate rested in his hands. Thereafter his circumstances became so favourable that on the death of Mu`awiyah ibn Yazid he became the Caliph of the Muslims. But he had just ruled only for nine months and eighteen days that death overtook him in such a way that his wife sat with the pillow on his face and did not get away till he breathed his last.

The four sons to whom Amir al-mu'minin has referred were the four sons of `Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan namely al-Walid, Sulayman, Yazid and Hisham, who ascended the Caliphate one after the other and coloured the pages of history with their stories. Some commentators have regarded this reference to Marwan's own sons whose names are `Abd al-Malik, `Abd al-`Aziz, Bishr and Muhammad. Out of these `Abd al-Malik did become Caliph of Islam but `Abd al-`Aziz became governor of Egypt, Bishr of Iraq and Muhammad of al-Jazirah.


 
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