Pearl of Wisdom

(regarding the world], 'Do not ask in it for what is more than a sufficient means of living and do not seek from it more than what you need.'

Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib [as]
Nahj al-Balagha, Sermon 45

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We acknowledge that 'Know Your Islam' by 'Yousuf N. Lalljee' for providing the original file. The novels references is

Yousuf N.Lalljee (2006). Know Your Islam. Ansariyan Publications. Qum

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Library » His Progeny » Imam Ali Naqi
Imam Ali Naqi E-mail

Imam Ali Naqi (AS)

Father: Imam Muhammad Taqi (AS)
Mother:Summana Khatoon
Kunniyat (Patronymic): Abdul Hasan
Laqab (Title): Naqi and Hadi
Birth: He was born in Surba in the environs of Medina, on Friday, 15th of Zilhajj 212 A.H
Martyrdom: He was poisoned by Mutaz the Abbaside on the 26th Jamadi-ul-Akhar 254 A.H, and died at the age of 42 at Samarra in Iraq

Imam Ali Naqi (AS) Birth & Upbringing

The Holy Imam was born on the 15th Zilhajj in Surba, and known for two great titles of An-Naqi and Al-Hadi.
The Tenth Holy Imam, like his father, was also elevated to the rank of Imam in his childhood. He was 6 years old when his father Imam Muhammad Taqi died.
After the death of Mamoon, Mutasin succeeded him, and was later followed by the caliph Wasiq Billah.

In the first five years of the reign of Wasiq, Imam Ali Naqi lived peacefully. After Wasiq, Motawakkil came to power.
Being too occupied in state affairs Motawakkil did not get any time to harass the Imam and his followers for 4 years. But as soon as he freed himself from state affairs he started to molest the Imam.

Imam Ali Naqi (AS) Political Condition

The Holy Imam devoted himself to the sacred mission of preaching in Medina and did thus earn the faith of the people as well as their allegiance and recognition of his great knowledge and attributes. This reputation of the Imam evoked the jealousy and malice of Mutawakkil against him.

The governor of Medina wrote to Mutawakkil that Imam Ali Naqi had been maneuvering a coup against the government and a multitude of Shiaites were pledged to his support. Although enraged by this news Mutawakkil still preferred the diplomacy of not arresting the Holy Imam.
Under the garb of pretended respect and love towards the Imam, he planned to put him under life imprisonment after inviting him to his palace.
Prior to his imprisonment, in a series of correspondence with the Imam, he expressed the view that he was convinced of all the claims of the Imam and was ready to settle them amicably.
He wrote to the Imam that having been acquainted with his great personality, his matchless knowledge and his peerless attributes, he was impatiently looking forward to the honour of seeing him, and he most cordially invited him to Samarra.

Although the Imam was well aware of Mutawakkil's treacherous intentions, he anticipating the fatal consequences of refusing the offer, reluctantly decided to leave Medina. But when the Imam arrived at Samarra and Mutawakkil was informed about it, he took no notice of the Imam's arrival.
When asked about where the Imam should stay, he ordered that the Imam should be put up in the inn meant for beggars, destitutes and homeless people.

Imam Ali Naqi (AS) Struggles

Mutawakkil who was a deadly enemy of the Ahl-ul-bayt, removed the Imam from this inn and entrusted him to the custody of a stone-hearted brute named Zurafah.
But, by the grace of Allah, his enmity was in a short time, transformaed into love and devotion for the Imam.
When Mutawakkil learnt about it, he shifted the Imam into the custody of another cruel man called Sa`id. The Imam remained under his strict vigilance for a number of years, during which he was subjected to boundless tortures.
But even in this miserable imprisonment, the Imam kept devoting himself at all times to the worship of Allah.

The watchman of the prison used to comment that Imam Ali Naqi seemed to be an angel in human grab.

Imam Ali Naqi (AS) Hardship & Struggles

Mutawakkil who was a deadly enemy of the Ahl-ul-bayt, removed the Imam from this inn and entrusted him to the custody of a stone-hearted brute named Zurafah.
But, by the grace of Allah, his enmity was in a short time, transformaed into love and devotion for the Imam.
When Mutawakkil learnt about it, he shifted the Imam into the custody of another cruel man called Sa`id. The Imam remained under his strict vigilance for a number of years, during which he was subjected to boundless tortures.
But even in this miserable imprisonment, the Imam kept devoting himself at all times to the worship of Allah.

The watchman of the prison used to comment that Imam Ali Naqi seemed to be an angel in human grab.

When Fath ibn Khaqan become the vizier of Mutawakkil, he being a Shia could not stand the idea of the Imam's captivity. He endeavourd to have him released from imprisonment and arranged for his comfortable residence in a personally purchased house at Samarra.
Still Mutawakkil could hardly refrain from his antagonism to the Imam and he appointed spies to watch the Imam and his connections.
But, through all these attempts, his hope of creating some fabrication to prove the Imam's activity against himself could not be realized.

Imam Ali Naqi (AS) Miracle

In the time of Mutawakkil there was a woman named Zainab who claimed to be a descendant of Imam Hussain, so Mutawakkil sought the confirmation of Zainab's claim from the Imam and said:
"That as the beasts are prohibited to eat the flash of the descendants of Imam Hussain he would throw Zainab to the beasts and test her claim."
On hearing this, Zainab began to tremble and confessed that she was a fake.
Mutawakkil then ordered the Imam to be thrown to the beasts to test the claim.

To his great surprise, he witnessed the beasts prostrating their heads before the Imam.

Imam Ali Naqi (AS) Miracles

In the time of Mutawakkil there was a woman named Zainab who claimed to be a descendant of Imam Hussain, so Mutawakkil sought the confirmation of Zainab's claim from the Imam and said:
"That as the beasts are prohibited to eat the flash of the descendants of Imam Hussain he would throw Zainab to the beasts and test her claim."
On hearing this, Zainab began to tremble and confessed that she was a fake.
Mutawakkil then ordered the Imam to be thrown to the beasts to test the claim.

To his great surprise, he witnessed the beasts prostrating their heads before the Imam.

Once Mutawakkil happened to suffer from a serious malady which was eventually declared incurable by his physician, when the Imam was approached for some remedy, he prescibed an application which resulted in a spontaneous cure.

Imam Ali Naqi (AS) Devoutness

Once Mutawakkil was informed that the Imam was preparing a revolt against him. Thereupon, he ordered a detachment of the army to launch a raid on the Imam's residence.
When the soldiers entered his house, they found him sitting on a mat, reciting the Holy Qur'an.

Imam Ali Naqi (AS) Wafat / Martyrdom

Not only Mutawakkil, but his successors opposition to the Imam was fierce. After the death of Mutawakkil, Mustansir, Mustain and Muntaz carried on the some mission of harassment against the family of the Imam.
Muntaz, understanding the uncontrollable and intense devotion of the people towards the Imam, eventually contrived the Imam's assassination.
He got him poisoned through an ambassador which resulted in the Imam's death within a few hours .
The martyrdom occurred on 26th Jamadi-ul-Akhar 254 A.H, and his funeral prayer was conducted by his son, Imam Hasan Askari.

The Imam was only 42 years old at the time of death . The period of his Imamate was 35 years. He was buried in Samarra, Iraq.

 

 
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