Pearl of Wisdom
It is in the tradition recounting the Prophet's Ascension to the Heavens (al-mi'raj) that Allah addresses the Prophet (SAWA) saying, ?O A mad, Verily the good people and the people worthy of a good Hereafter have gentle countenances and much modesty, they possess little foolishness, they are of much benefit and they are seldom deceptive. People are at ease when with them whereas their souls are exhausted on account of them. Their words are balanced, they take account of their souls and exhaust them [through making them perform good]. Their eyes sleep but their hearts do not, their eyes weep and their hearts are remembering. When people are recorded as being neglectful, they are recorded amongst the remembering ones ... Nothing preoccupies them from Allah for a split second. They do not desire much food, neither wish to speak much nor have many clothes. According to them, people are dead and Allah is the Living One, the All-Sustainer.'
Prophet Muhammad al-Mustafa [sawa]
Ibid. v. 77, p. 24, no. 6
We acknowledge that the below reference for providing the original file containing the 'Death & The Hereafter '. He is
- Muhammadhusien Kermali
- A Group of Researchers - Institute of Islamic Studies (London)
- Sayyid Mujtaba Musavi Lari
- Sayyid Muhamad Rizvi
- Ayatullah Dastghaib Shiraazi
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Just before (Ehtezar) and Immediately After Death
Let us create a scenario in which you are sitting in front of a very sick friend or a relative whom you have come to visit. He/she is alone in the house. You are the only other person present. Suddenly you see him/her struggling for breath. He/she is taking his/her last breath! Dying! The color of his/her face is changing. He is said to be in Saqarat - the pain of death. Gradually, he/she stops breathing and is dead. What should you be doing as required by the Shariah while the person is in the course of dying and soon after death?
I am not aware of the legal requirements here in Canada. Therefore, I will leave it to you to find out.
Before the Death, During the Saqarat ul Mawt
a) Move the dying person to face Qibla in such a position that the soles of his/her feet face Qibla. In other words, if he/she were to sit upright his/her face would face Qibla.
b) Recite the Shahadah and make him/her repeat it. It should cover Tawhid /Nubuwwat/ Imamat and make him/her recite dua for Istighfar to ask forgiveness from Allah for his/her sins.
c) Recite Surah Yasin, Wassafat, Ayatul Qursi and other Ayats from the Qur'an to ease the moments of Saqarat.
After the death
d) Close the eyes and the mouth of the dead person.
e) Stretch his/her arms along his/her sides and keep his/her legs straight.
f) Cover his/her body with a sheet of cloth.
g) Inform his/her Wali or next of kin (if wali is not present) to come immediately.
h) Recite the Qur'an until the body is taken away for Ghusle Mayyit.
The Wali, the personal representative appointed by the deceased in his/her will or next of kin is personally responsible for all the after death rituals. His prior permission is necessary before any other person(s) can handle the body.
After Death Rituals
It covers Ghusl/Kafan/Dafan i.e., washing, shrouding, and burying. Basically, these are Wajib (obligatory) acts for all of us but Kifai - Wajibe Kifai, which means if one or more persons undertake to do, others are absolved. Else it is wajib on everyone.
Therefore, it is essential for all of us to know the basics to be able to carry out the rituals in case of necessity.