The Battle of Badar
The first battle between the believers of truth (Islam) and the forces of evil was fought on the battlefield of Badar which is located 60 miles from Medina towards Mecca.
On one side stood a small group of 313 men of whom merely 60 wore armor. While facing them, was an arranged army of 1,000 warriors, well armed and equipped. The believers had the strength of their faith in Allah and his Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him). They knew that the truth must prevail and falsehood must be destroyed. Thus it was this very faith which brought about the miracle and truth did triumph.
Birth Place of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon Him)
The Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him) was born on the early morning of Monday the 12th of Rabi-ul-Awwal (April 3rd, 571 AD) in Mecca.
He was named Muhammad (the Praised one, Peace be upon Him) by his grand-father Abdul Muttalib. The ravages of time have destroyed the original building but the place is the same where stood Abdullah's house the father of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him), who belonged to the family of Hashim, the noblest tribe of the clan of Qureish.
Battle of Ahzab
Abu Sufyan had succeeded in forming a military alliance composed of the Jews and various tribes of the Arabs. The news of this great army was brought to the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him). He summoned a meeting of his companions. On the suggestion of Hazrat Salman Farsi, a trench with a depth of five cubits and width of more than ten cubits was dug all around. The ten thousand strong army of Qureish tried to cross it for 25 days but in vain.
At last, the army began to defect and Abu Sufyan was forced to lead it back to Mecca in utter depression.
Ghar-e-Hira (Cave of Hira)
This cave, the sanctum of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon Him), the place of His devotions and meditations and the sacred spot where the Holy Quran begun to be revealed unto Him. The cave is situated on the mount Al-Noor on the way to Mina near Mecca, and its peak is visible from a great distance. The Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him), had just stepped into the forty-first year of his life, when during the Holy month of Ramadan, the first 5 verses of the Quran, in the form of Sura Al-Alaque were revealed onto Him.
Jist of the Farewell (Hajj) Sermon
"O People! Allah says, 'O Men who were created from a man and a woman, divided into castes and tribes to identify each other; you are equal, but he is more respectable who fears Allah.'
All Muslims are brothers together, so be careful of the rights of your slaves. Men and women have their duties and rights to each other. Offer prayers to Allah five times a day, fast the full Holy month of Ramadan, pay Zakat every year, perform Hajj and obey your rulers. Thus enter the Heaven created by Allah."
Battle of Uhud
Ohud is a hill near Medina. The famous battle of Ohud was fought in the valley of this hill. The non-believers from Qureish had invaded Medina with an army of three thousand in the third year of Hijra.
This mosque is situated in Medina. In the begging, the Muslims offered their prayers while facing the direct of the Baitul-Muqaddas (in Jerusalem). Once, during the second year of Hijrah, the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him) was leading prayers in this mosque at Banu Salma, when Allah's command was revealed unto Him to turn from facing Baitul Muqaddas and change his direct to the Holy Ka'aba. So the mosque came to be known as Masjid-e-Qiblahtain, or the mosque of two Qiblahs.