Pearl of Wisdom
'The best of manners is that which prevents you from committing sins.'
Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib [as]
Ibid. no. 3298
We acknowledge that the below references for providing the original file containing the 'Events of Karbala'. Their references are
Yousuf N.Lalljee (2006). Know Your Islam. Ansariyan Publications. Qum
Lohouf, By Sayyid ibn Tawoos
Ali Hussain Jalali (2003). Karbala & Ashura. Ansariyan Publications. Qum
The files you find here are NOT IN the Public domain, and the copy rights of the files still remain with the above author
Who was Imam Hussain He was the son of Ali ibn Abi Talib and Fatima Zahra (Daughter of Prophet Muhammad).
He was known as the third Imam, a member of the Ahl-ul-Bayt, Ahl-ul-Kisa, and part of the 14 Infallibles.
Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain, were respected and revered as the Leaders of Youths of Paradise as stated by the Holy Prophet.
The Holy Prophet Muhammad had openly prophesied that the faith of Islam would be rescued by his second grandson Hussain, when Yazid, son of Muawiya, would endeavour to destory it.
On the day of 10th Muharram Imam Hussain (a.s.) sent out his companions from his camp one after another to fight and sacrifice their lives in the way of the Lord.
Lastly, when all his men and children had laid down their lives, Imam Hussain (a.s.) brought his six- month old baby son Ali Asghar (a.s.), and offering him on his own hands, demanded some water for the baby, dying of thirst. The thirst of the baby was quenched by a deadly poisoned arrow from the brute's forces, which pinned the baby's neck to the arm of the helpless father.
At last when the six-month old baby also was killed, Imam Hussain (a.s.) addressed Allah (swt):
"O Lord! Your Hussain has offered in your way whatever your had blessed him with. Bless Your Hussain, O Lord! with the acceptance of this sacrifice. Every thing Hussain could do till now was through Your help and by Your Grace."
Imam Hussain in the Battlefield Husain ibn Ali offered single battle to the enemy. He killed everybody that fought him in single battles.
He demonstrated extreme courage and bravery, forced the enemy into retreat frequently and killed a great number of opponents. Hussain and earlier his son Ali Akbar were the two warriors who penetrated and dispersed the core of Ibn-Saad's army (Qalb-e-Lashkar), a sign of extreme chaos in traditional warfare.
Hussain advanced very deep in the back ranks of the Syrian army. When the enemies stood between him and the tents he shouted:
“O, followers of Abi Sufyan, If you do not believe in any religion and you do not fear the Judgement, then be free in this world. Go and examine yourselves, if you are Arabs as you claim.”
Then his enemies invaded back toward him.
They continuously attacked each other, Until his numerous injuries caused him to stay a moment.
At this time he was hit on his forehead with a stone. He was cleaning blood from his face while he was hit on the heart with arrow and he said:
"In the name of Allah, and by Allah, and on the religion of the messenger of Allah." Then he raised his head up and said: "Oh my God! You know that they are killing a man that there is son of daughter of a prophet (Hussain is son of Fatimah bint Muhammad) on the earth except him"
Then he grasped the arrow and pulled it out of his chest from behind which caused heavy bleeding.
He became very weak to fight and halted and the soldiers approaching him were giving up confronting him, until a soldier approached him while cursing and hit him on his head with his sword.
The enemies halted for a while and then returned and surrounded him. At this time Abd-Allah ibn Hasan, who was an underage boy, escaped from the tents and ran until arrived beside Hussain.
When a soldier intended to hit Hussain with his sword, Abd-Allah ibn Hasan defended his uncle with his arm which caused it to be cut and hanged. Hussain hugged him but the boy was hit on his neck with an arrow.
Hussain became very weak due to his heavy injuries and hits by arrows. After this Imam Hussain placed his sword in to its holder and tried to get down from the horse but was tremendously injured and so the horse let him down. He then sat against a tree.
Umar ibn Sa'ad ordered a man to dismount and to finish the job. Khowali ibn Yazid al-Asbahiy preceded the man but feared and did not do it.
Then Shimr ibn Dhiljawshan dismounted his horse and cut Hussain's throat with his sword whilst Hussain was prostrating to Allah.
Just before his throat was about to be cut, Hussain asked Shimr ibn Dhiljawshan,
"Have you done your prayers today?" and this shocked Shimr because he did not expect anyone in the position of Hussain to ask about such a question.
The ibn Sa'ad's men looted all the valuables from Hussain's body.
After the Martyrdom of Imam Hussain Umar ibn Sa'ad sent Hussain's head to ibn Ziyad on Ashura afternoon and ordered to sever heads of his comrades to send them to Kufa. The heads were distributed to various tribes enabling them to gain favor of ibn Ziyad. Ibn Sa'ad remained in Karbala until the next noon.
After ibn Sa'ad's army went out of Karbala, some people from Banu Asad tribe came there and buried their dead.
On the 11th of Muharram, all captives including all women and children were then loaded onto camels with neither saddle nor shade and were moved toward Kufa. As they approached Kufa, its people gathered to see them.
Some women of Kufa gathered veils for them upon knowing that they are relatives of Muhammad. Among the captives were Ali ibn Hussain (our 4th Imam), who was gravely ill, as well as Hassan ibn Hassan al-Muthanna, who was seriously injured in the battle of Karbala.
Zainab bint Ali pointed at the people to be quiet. Then she addressed the people of Kufa:
"The praise is exclusively attributed to Allah. And greetings to my father (grand father), Muhammad, and to his pure and benevolent family.
And then, Oh people of Kufa! Oh deceitful and reneger people! Do you weep? So let tears not be dried and let groans not be finished. ...
Beware, such a bad preparation you have made for yourself that Allah became furious of you and you will be at punishment forever.
Do you weep and cry? Yeah, by Allah, do weep numerously and do laugh less! Since you brought its shame and fault on yourself and you will not be able to cleanse it forever. ..."
During the journey from Karbala to Kufa, and from Kufa to Damascus, Hussain's sister Zaynab bint Ali and Umm-Kulthoom bint Ali, and son Ali ibn Hussain gave various speeches that exposed the truth about Yazid and told the Muslim world of the various atrocities committed in Karbala.
After being brought to Yazid's court, Zaynab courageously gave a famous speech in which she denounced Yazid's claim to the caliphate and eulogized Hussain's uprising.
The prisoners were held in Damascus for a year. The people of Damascus began to frequent the prison, and Zaynab and Ali ibn Hussain used that as an opportunity to further propagate the message of Hussain and explain to the people the reason for Hussain's uprising.
As public opinion against Yazid began to foment in Syria and parts of Iraq, Yazid ordered their release and return to Medina, where they continued to tell the world of Hussain's cause.