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Question : #706 Category: Fasting / Sawm / Roza
Subject: concept of shabe baraat
Question: what is the concept of shabe baraat
Answer: Mid Shaban is the 15th day of the Islamic month of Shaban al Moazzam. The fifteenth night of this month of the Islamic lunar calendar is known as Laylatul Baraah or Laylatun Nisfe min Shaban in the Arab world. In India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Iran, Afghanistan, etc., it is known as Shab e Barat.

Prophet Muhammad (saw) had said that during the night of 15th Shaaban the Almighty Allah (SWT) takes decisions in the matters of sustenance, life and death and welfare of the people.

Next to the "Night of Qadr" the night of 15th Shaban, Lailatul Barat is the most auspicious night (also known as Shab e Barat or Night of Baraat). According to Imam Muhammad bin Ali Al Baqir (as) and Imam Jafar bin Muhammad As Sadiq (as), the Almighty Allah (SWT) has promised to fulfill every legitimate desire put forward to Him tonight.

Sunni Muslims (except Wahabi/Salafi) observe Mid Shaban as a night of worship and salvation. Sunni narrative is that Allah (SWT) determines the destiny of all people, including whether a person lives or dies, in the coming year and for this reason it is sometimes called the "Night of Emancipation". The night of Shabe Baraat is also called as the night of freedom because Allah (SWT) frees all His sinful servants who were destined for Jahannam (Hell).

The Shia Muslims spend the entire eve of the 15th of Shaban in prayers and worship. Spend the day of the 15th of Shaban in celebration, as it marks the birthday of final Imam Muhammad al Mahdi (as). The Shia Muslims believe him to be the Mahdi, an important figure who Sunni Muslims believe will rid the world of tyranny and injustice.

Hence, Shab e Baraat, the night of reverence and fervour is considered as one of the most sacred nights of the Muslim lunar calendar. It is the night when all the Muslims in the world unite in praying all night long. To mark the holy night Muslims prayed Allah Almighty to remove their worries and shower His blessings on Muslim Ummah. Muslims stayed awaken on the night of Shab e Barat and asked for forgiveness for the past year mistakes and prayed for good fortune for future.

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