Ask Qul - QA
Question : #604 Category: Family Issues
Subject: Adopting a child
Question: Asalaam Alaikum. Is adoption of an orphan allowed in Islam? If yes, under what conditions? I am a Muslimah, 25 years old and unmarried. I always wanted to adopt a zateem from a Muslim country but was unsure if it's allowed.
Answer: It is permissible for a person to 'adopt' a child, but the child is not considered his son or daughter; the child remains a stranger (non-mahram) to him or his wife and he or she does not inherit the person who has adopted him or her. Also the childs lineage has to be preserved.

Here adoption in the sense of claiming a child as your own son or daughter and getting an ID card for him or her in your name is not permissible, however, there is no Ishkaal (objection) in taking care of a child, raising him or her and showing love and care.
Follow Up
If I breastfeed the child when he/she is under the age of 2, through induced lactation, will that create a "milk kinship"? Would that lead the child (if I adopt a boy) to become a mahram so I wouldn't have to observe hijab in front of him?
And also in certain circumstances, a baby is not named, what would I do in that situation? Would it then be permissible to give her/him my last name?
Follow Up Response

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