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Question : #561 Category: Imam Mahdi
Subject: Imam Mahdi in the Holy Quran
Question: salam brother
in the Holy Quran can you please indicate where the 12th Imam is mentioned ? thank you.

thank you kindly
Answer: Salaam Alaykum,

Apologies in advance for the in depth response but I feel this question needs a thorough attempt in order its of use for future references.

Now Allah has introduced the holy personalities of Immate in His book with several titles such as 'Deeply rooted in Knowledge', 'People of Remembrance', and 'The Evident Imam' and the like. Allah has addressed Imam Muhammad ibn Hasan al Mahdi (atf) as 'Inheritor of Quran' by several titles in His book some of which are briefly mentioned hereunder:
1. The Right Path
"Say: Every one (of us) is awaiting, therefore do await: So you will come to know who is the follower of the even path and who goes aright." (Surah Taha (20), Verse 135)

Imam Musa Kazim (a.s.) while interpreting this verse says:
"The Right Path refers to (Hazrat) Qaem (a.s.) and guidance refers to guidance towards his obedience. We can also find its example in the book of Allah:

"And most surely I am most Forgiving to him who repents and believes and does good, then continues to follow the right direction." (Surah Taha (20), Verse 82)

Imam (a.s.) continued,
"He follows the right direction towards our obedience".
(Al Burhaan, Vol. 3, Pg. 50, Al Muhajjah, Pg. 137, Ghaayatul Maraam, Pg. 455)"

In the exegesis of this verse Imam Musa Kazim (a.s.) has explained that
"The Right Path of Guidance" means Hazrat Wali-e-Asr (a.t.f.s.)."
2. Light of Allah.

"They desire to put out the light of Allah with their mouths but Allah will perfect His light, though the unbelievers may be averse. He it is Who sent His Messenger with the guidance and the true religion, that He may make it overcome the religions, all of them, though the polytheists may be averse." (Surah Saff (61), Verses 8-9)

While explaining the interpretation of this verse to Muhammad Ibn Fuzayl, Hazrat Imam Musa Kazim (a.s.) said:

"They try to extinguish the Mastership of Ameerul Momeneen (a.s.)".

Ibn Fuzayl asked Imam (a.s.): Then what is the meaning of "But Allah will complete His Light".

Imam (a.s.) replied:
"Allah will complete (the light of) Imamat, like he has said Those who believe in Allah and His messenger and the light which we have sent down upon them. In this verse divine light refers to Imam (a.s.)".

Ibn Fuzayl asked further "What is the meaning of "He it is who send His Messenger with guidance and the true religion".

Imam (a.s.) replied:
"It means He it is who sent His Messenger with the order regarding the successorship of his successor. That is the true religion."

Ibn Fuzayl inquired further "What is the meaning of "So that He Prevails it over all other religions".

Imam (a.s.) said:
"So that He Prevails it over other religions through the uprising of Qaem (a.s.)".

Imam (a.s.) then said:
Allah says "But He will complete His light". This light refers to the Mastership of (Hazrat) Qaem (a.s.) even if the polytheists were averse to the Mastership of Imam Ali (a.s.)." [Al Kaafi, Vol. 1, Pg. 432]
3. The Spring of Water

"Say: Have you considered if your water should go down, who is it then that will bring you flowing water?" [Surah Mulk (69), Verse 30]

Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.) narrates:
"This verse has been revealed about Imam Qaem (a.s.)".

Imam (a.s.) also said:
"If you find that your Imam is occult and dont know where he is, then where will you find him who will inform about the news of the heavens and the earth, and teach you the permissible and prohibited of Allah? By Allah the actualization of this verse has not taken place nor is it possible till that time". [Kamaaluddin, Pg. 335; Al Saafi, Vol. 5, Pg. 206; Isbaatul Hudaat, Vol. 3, Pg 498]

Every living being is in need of water. Water comprises two thirds of this world and life exists because of it. When scientists seek to discover life on other planets they in fact attempt to search water there. The presence of water on any planet means that life exists there because water indicates life. Similarly, disappearance of water from any place leads to its destruction and the end of life therein. Moreover nothing in this world except water has the ability to quench ones thirst. In the same manner when the religion will be about to burn in the flames of oppression and injustice, Allah will bring forth this spring and revive the dead earth (religion) with it.

Thus Imam Mahdi (a.t.f.s.) is rightly called as the "Spring of Water".

4. The Remnant of Allah

"What remains with Allah is better for you if you are believers" [Surah Hud (11), Verse 86]

Ibn Sabbagh-e-Maaliki a renowned scholar of Ahle Sunnat narrates a long tradition in his book "Fusulul Muhimma" from Imam Sadiq (a.s.) about the signs of reappearance of Imam Mahdi (a.t.f.s.). In the end he writes that Imam Sadiq (a.s.) said:
"At that time our Qaem will reappear and he will stand reclining against the wall of the Kaaba and 313 from among sincere believers shall gather around and he shall before anything else recite this verse. He (a.s.) will then say "I am the remnant of Allah, I am the caliph of Allah on this earth and His proof over you". At that moment people shall address him thus "O Remnant of Allah". [Al Fusulul Muhimmah, Pg. 302; Kashful Ghummah, Vol. 3, Pg. 324; Alaamul Waraa, Pg. 433; Tafseer-e-Noorus Saqalain, Vol. 2, Pg. 212; Al Saafi, Vol. 2, Pg. 468]

There is a tradition from Imam Sadiq (a.s.) which says
"If there is no divine proof the earth shall sink with its inhabitants".
It is also clear form several other traditions that this earth owes its existence to the divine proof. i.e. in every era one person from the progeny of Hazrat Muhammad (s.a.w.a.) will be Allahs proof on this earth. After the martyrdom of Imam Hasan al-Askari (a.s.) in 260 A.H till day, the existence of this universe and its inhabitants is clear evidence that a person form the progeny of Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) is present and due to his holy presence the earth and its inhabitants still exist. Our eyes always long to see his Holy Visage."

5. The Guardian of the Oppressed (Inheritor)

"And do not kill any one whom Allah has forbidden, except for a just cause, and whoever is slain unjustly, We have indeed given to his heir authority, so let him not exceed the just limits in slaying; surely he is aided." [Surah Isra (17), Verse 33]

Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.) while explaining this verse said:
"The Oppressed in this verse refers to Imam Husain ibne Ali (a.s.) who was killed unjustly and we are his Inheritors and the Qaem (a.s.) is from us. When he reappears he shall avenge the blood of Imam Husain (a.s.). In this verse ?Maqtool? refers to Imam Husain (a.s.) and his ?Wali? refers to Hazrat Qaem (a.s.) and ?Israaf? means killing the one who did not participate in killing you". Surely they will be helped means this world will not end unless a person from the progeny of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) is helped so that he fills the earth with justice and equity just as it was filled with oppression and tyranny." [Al Ayaashi, Vol. 2, Pg. 290; Al Muhajjah, Pg. 128; Al Burhaan, Vol. 2, Pg. 419; Tafseer-e-Noorus Saqalain, Vol. 3, Pg. 163]

In Dua-e-Nudbah we call upon the "Inheritor of Imam Husain (a.s.)" thus:
"Where are you, O the one who shall avenge the blood of the one killed in Karbala?"
The Distressed One whose prayers are answered Or, Who answers the distressed one when he calls upon Him and removes the evil, and He will make you successors in the earth. Is there a god with Allah? Little is it that you mind!" [Surah Naml (27), Verse 62]

Imam Sadiq (a.s.) says:
"This verse is revealed about the Qaem(a.s.) from the progeny of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.a.). By Allah he is the distressed one. He will offer two units (rakat) of prayers near Maqame Ibrahim and pray to Allah. Allah will answer his prayers and remove his difficulties and shall make him the Caliph on the earth." [Al Saafi, Vol. 4, Pg. 81; Isbatul Hudaat, Vol. 3, Pg. 553; Tafseer Al Burhaan, Vol. 3, Pg. 208; Tafseer-e-Noorus Saqalain, Vol. 4, Pg. 94]

In the end we pray that Allah hastens the reappearance of his proof so that he avenges the blood of martyrs of Karbala, accords respect to his friends and disgraces his enemies especially those who distorted the interpretation of Holy Quran. Aameen
Follow Up
What doth it profit, my brehertn, though a man say he hath faith, and have not works? can faith save him? Even so faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being alone. Yea, a man may say, Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without thy works, and I will shew thee my faith by my works. Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon the altar?a0James 2:14, 17, 18, 21a0In these verses we talked about how we can say we have faith, but our actions don't necessarily show it. For example, I can say I trust God with my life but when it comes to putting my life in His hands I keep it in mine. I learned how important it truly is to actually back up our faith with works. If God tells me to go live in Japan and be a missionary. Even though I'd be terrified of the dangers there, and getting caught, I'd go, because not only did God lay it upon my heart to do so, but because I honestly trust Him with my life. He knows what comes of the next coming days I don't. I was reminded how important this really is and I've really been applying it to my life, and let me tell you, I see a change!a0I've learned so much throughout this book of the bible and it's helped me keep my fire for God and to rekindle each day my love for Him. I'm so glad we did this, and excited to continue studying the bible everyday! a0
Follow Up Response

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