Pearl of Wisdom

'It is related that a companion of the Commander of the Faithful (AS) whose name was Hammam and was a devoted worshipper had said to him, ?O Commander of the Faithful, describe to me the Godwary in such a way as though I was to see them.' So he (AS) praised Allah and extolled Him, and praised the Prophet (SAWA) and then said: 'The Godwary [in this world] are the people of virtue. Their speech is to the point, their dress is moderate and their gait is humble. They keep their eyes closed to what Allah has made unlawful for them, and they put their ears to that knowledge which is beneficial to them. They remain in times of trials as they have been in times of comfort. If there had not been fixed periods [of life] ordained for each, their spirits would not have remained in their bodies even for the twinkling of an eye because of [their] eagerness for the reward and fear of chastisement... The sign of any one of them is that you will see that he has strength in religion, prudence along with leniency, faith with conviction, eagerness in [seeking] knowledge with forbearance, moderation in wealth, devotion in worship, gracefulness in neediness, endurance in hardship, desire for the lawful, pleasure in guidance and hatred of greed. He performs virtuous deeds but still feels afraid. In the evening he is anxious to offer thanks [to Allah]. In the morning his anxiety is to remember [Allah]. He passes the night in fear and rises in the morning in joy fear lest night is passed in forgetfulness, and joy over the favour and mercy received by him. If his self refuses to endure a thing which it does not like he does not grant its request towards what it likes. The coolness of his eye lies in what is to last forever, while from the things [of this world] that will not last he keeps aloof. He transfuses knowledge with forbearance, and speech with action. You will see his hopes simple, his shortcomings few, his heart fearing, his spirit contented, his meal small arid simple, his religion safe, his desires dead and his anger suppressed. Good alone is expected from him. Evil from him is not to be feared.'

Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib [as]
Nahj al-Balagha, Sermon 193

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Question : #645 Category: Family Issues
Subject: feeding a baby
Question: My baby is 5 months old. What are the advices according to islam for feeding n taking care of him? when and how should i start his formal education? Thanks
Answer: Islam has divided the upbringing of a child into three stages from birth to age 21.

The division is based on the following hadith of the Prophet (s.a.w.): "The child is the master for seven years; and a slave for seven years and a vizier for seven years; so if he grows into a good character within 21 years, well and good; otherwise leave him alone because you have discharged your responsibility before Allah."

The same hadith has been explained by Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq (a.s.): "Let your child play upto seven years; and keep him with you (for education and training) for another seven years; then if he succeeds (well and good); otherwise, there is no good in him."

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