Pearl of Wisdom

'There are four kinds of people whose supplications do not get answered: the man who sits in his house saying, ?O My Lord, grant me sustenance', to whom He says, 'Did I not command you to seek [for your sustenance]?', then there is the man who has a wife and supplicates against her, to whom He replies, 'Did I not make you responsible for her [put her affairs in your hands]?', and a man who has wealth and wastes it, who says, ?O My Lord, grant me sustenance', to whom He replies, 'Did I not command you to be economical?'...and a man who has wealth and loans it to someone without keeping any proof [of loan], to whom He replies, 'Did I not command you to take a witness?!'

Imam Ja'far ibn Muhammad al-Sadiq [as]
al-Da'awat, p. 33. no. 75

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Question : #288 Category: Marriage - Nikkah
Subject: difference between nikkah and muta
Question: What is a fixed-time marriage and what are its differences with permanent marriage?
Answer: The relation between man and woman becomes lawful by contracting marriage. There are two kinds of marriages:

1. Permanent marriage

2. Fixed-time marriage
In a permanent marriage, the period of matrimony is not fixed, and it is forever. The woman with whom such a marriage is concluded is called da'ima (i.e. a permanent wife).

In a fixed time marriage (Mut'ah), the period of matrimony is fixed, for example, matrimonial relation is contracted with a woman for an hour, or a day, or a month, or a year, or more. However, the period fixed for the marriage should not exceed the span of normal lives of the spouses, because in that case, the marriage will be treated as a permanent one. This sort of fixed time marriage is called Mut'ah or Sigha.

A woman with whom temporary marriage is contracted, is not entitled to share the conjugal bed of her husband, and does not inherit from him, and the husband, too, does not inherit from her.

However, if one or both lay down a condition regarding inheriting each other, such a stipulation is a matter of Ishkal as far as its validity is concerned, but even then, precaution should be exercised by putting it into effect.

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