Pearl of Wisdom

Allah has prohibited renegation after migration [to belief] because of [the danger] of denouncing one's religion and leaving the support of the prophets and the divine proofs (AS), and the corruption that would ensue, the nullification of the rights of all those who hold rights [in religion], especially for Bedouins. This is why, if a man were to have acknowledged religion completely, it is not allowed for him to go and live with people who are ignorant [or in disbelief of it, and as a result of fear for him, for he can never be safe from falling from his position of knowledge and re-entering into ignorance and remaining therein.'

Imam Ali ibn Musa al-Ridha [as]
Wasd'il dl-Shi'd, v. 11, p. 75, no. 2

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Question : #142 Category: Holy Qur'an
Subject: Meccan and Medina surahs
Question: 1) In the Holy Qur’an how does Allahh (SWT) address the Meccan and Madani dwellers?

2)Which verse in Suratul Kahf reminds us to be very careful of our deeds as our every action and intention is recorded.
Answer: The difference between the Meccan and Medina surahs are as follows;
Meccan Surahs:
- There are 86 chapters.
- Talks mostly on subjects related to faith and morals (Such as assigning partners to Allah, idol worship, life in the hereafter, good deeds and sins)
- Verses that start with Ya ayyuhan-nas (O people!)”
- Verses are short. It carries the spirit of struggle with a tough style.
- Appeals to the soul and it is full of sweet musical harmony.
- Talks about mushriks (polytheists), does not mention Jews and Christians.
- There is no verse about jihad (struggle).

Medina Surahs:
- There are 28 chapters.
- Talks mostly on worships and practices meaning legal issues (Practices in exchange, murder, adultery, punishment of theft and slander, marriage and divorce methods)
- Verses start with Ya ayyuhal-lazina amanu (O believers)”
- Verses are long. Their style is calm.
- Leads the believers into deep thought and reflection.
- Talks about Jews, Christians and hypocrites.
- There are verses about jihad (struggle).

And in Surah Al Kahf, verse 49 speaks of our deeds being placed in front of us. And the Book (of Deeds) will be placed (before you); and thou wilt see the sinful in great terror because of what is (recorded) therein; they will say, "Ah! woe to us! what a Book is this! It leaves out nothing small or great, but takes account thereof!" They will find all that they did, placed before them: And not one will thy Lord treat with injustice

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